The Resilience Scale: A Duplication Study in Japan
Chieko Hasui11, §, Hiromi Igarashi1, §, Noriko Shikai1, §, Masahiro Shono2, §, Toshiaki Nagata3, §, Toshinori Kitamura*, 1, §
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2009
First Page: 15
Last Page: 22
Publisher Id: TOFAMSJ-2-15
Article History:Received Date: 12/8/2008
Revision Received Date: 27/9/2008
Acceptance Date: 28/9/2008
Electronic publication date: 25/2/2009
Collection year: 2009
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
To examine the factor structure, construct, and predictive validity of the Resilience Scale (RS), Japanese university students (N = 504 to 547) were examined. The RS has a good internal consistency and a single factor structure. Students high in resilience were less likely to be depressed or suicidal; more likely to adopt task-oriented coping but less likely to adopt emotion-oriented coping; more likely to have secure attachment with an opposite-sex partner; less likely to have shame feeling but more likely to have pride feeling; more likely to show healthy narcissistic personality traits but less likely to show identity diffusion; more likely to report their parents as high in care and low in overprotection; and more likely to report receiving punishment as a child. The RS is shown to be a significant predictor of the depressive severity two weeks later after controlling for demographic variables, baseline depression, and negative life events, which occurred during the previous week. Thus, the RS is a valid measure in a Japanese student population.